IMMIGRANT VISAS - Relative Visa
Relative/Family Based Immigration:
The majority of immigrant visas are given to people based upon their familial
relationship with United States Citizens or Lawful Permanent Residents.
Except for immediate relatives, the time a person has to wait to receive
a visa based upon a family relationship depends upon their visa category.
Even though the petition for a visa may be approved, a potential immigrant
must wait until their priority date is processed. (The priority date is
the day that the application is accepted for processing by the US Immigration Service.) Each
month the US Immigration Service may process applications that were submitted on or before
a specific priority date.
Family Based Petitions:
Spouses of US Citizens, minor children of US Citizens, and parents
of US Citizens are considered Immediate Relatives and not subjected to
quotas on number of immigrants to the US, and are eligible to enter the
US immediately, subject of course to Visa Processing times.
Spouses of US Permanent Residents, unmarried children of US Permanent
Residents and siblings of US Citizens are know as Preference Aliens and
are eligible to immigrate but are all subjects to long wait times because
the number of worldwide applicants exceeds the quota available for them.
Application is made in the US by the Petitioner US Citizen or Permanent
Resident. Upon approval, papers are sent to the National Visa Center,
State Department. Once papers are successfully completed and filed, the
National Visa Center notifies the foreign US Consulate. The Alien is then
interviewed at the Consulate and Visa issued.
Spouses of US Citizens, children under the age of 21 of US Citizens, and
parents of US Citizens.
Spouses of permanent residents, unmarried children any age of US permanent
residents, married children any age of US citizen parents, and brothers
and sisters of US Citizens. Categories backlogged, quotas applicable
to different countries, long periods of waiting time, longest period of
waiting time, brothers and sisters of US Citizens.